Android JSON Parser

Android JSON Parser Example

Android JSON Parser Example – JSON means JavaScript Object Notation.It really is an unbiased data exchange format which is the best choice for XML. This section talks about how to parse the JSON data file and extract necessary data from it. I will explain simple example of json parsing in android.Google android provides four different classes to control JSON data. These classes are JSONArray,JSONObject,JSONTokenizer and jsonstringer.

Android JSON Parser

The first rung on the ladder is to recognize the areas in the JSON data where you are looking at. For example. Inside the JSON listed below we enthusiastic about getting temperature only.

{
   "sys":
   {
      "country":"GB",
      "sunrise":1381107633,
      "sunset":1381149604
   },
   "weather":[
      {
         "id":711,
         "main":"Smoke",
         "description":"smoke",
         "icon":"50n"
      }
   ],
  
  "main":
   {
      "temp":304.15,
      "pressure":1009,
   }
}

 Android JSON Parser – Elements

An JSON record contain many components. This is actually the table determining the the different parts of an JSON data file and their description

Android JSON Parser Elements Description

  1. Array([)
  2. Objects({)
  3. Key
  4. Value

Android JSON Parser – Parsing

For parsing a JSON subject, we will generate an subject of class JSONObject and designate a string made up of JSON data to it. Its syntax is

String in;
JSONObject reader = new JSONObject(in);

 

The final step is to parse the JSON. A JSON data file contain different thing with different key/value set e.t.c. So JSONObject has another function for parsing each one of the element of JSON record. Its syntax is listed below

JSONObject sys  = reader.getJSONObject("sys");
country = sys.getString("country");
      
JSONObject main  = reader.getJSONObject("main");
temperature = main.getString("temp");

 

The technique getJSONObject profits the JSON thing. The technique getString returns the string value of the specified key.

From the these procedures aside , there are other methods provided by this category for better parsing JSON data. These procedures are the following

Android JSON Parser Parsing Description

  1. get(String name)
  2. getBoolean(String name)
  3. getDouble(String name)
  4. getInt(String name)
  5. getLong(String name)
  6. length()
  7. names()

Simple Example Of JSON Parsing in Android

To test out this android json parser example , you can run this on a genuine device or within an emulator.

Steps     Description

  1. You use Android studio to generate an Android software.
  2. Modify src/MainActivity.java data file to include necessary code.
  3. Modify the res/layout/activity_main to include particular XML components
  4. Modify the res/values/string.xml to include necessary string components
  5. Run the application form and choose a working android os device and mount the application onto it and confirm the results

Content -> main activity file src/MainActivity.java

package com.example.androdevelopment.myapplication;

import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.util.Log;
import android.widget.ListAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SimpleAdapter;
import android.widget.Toast;

import org.json.JSONArray;
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

   private String TAG = MainActivity.class.getSimpleName();
   private ListView lv;

   ArrayList<HashMap<String, String>> contactList;

   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

      contactList = new ArrayList<>();
      lv = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.list);

      new GetContacts().execute();
   }
   
   private class GetContacts extends AsyncTask<Void, Void, Void> {
      @Override
      protected void onPreExecute() {
         super.onPreExecute();
         Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,"Json Data is 
            downloading",Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

      }

      @Override
      protected Void doInBackground(Void... arg0) {
         HttpHandler sh = new HttpHandler();
         // Making a request to url and getting response
         String url = "http://api.WebsiteName.com/Anything";
         String jsonStr = sh.makeServiceCall(url);
      
         Log.e(TAG, "Response from url: " + jsonStr);
         if (jsonStr != null) {
            try {
               JSONObject jsonObj = new JSONObject(jsonStr);
            
               // Getting JSON Array node
               JSONArray contacts = jsonObj.getJSONArray("contacts");
            
               // looping through All Contacts
               for (int i = 0; i < contacts.length(); i++) {
                  JSONObject c = contacts.getJSONObject(i);
                  String id = c.getString("id");
                  String name = c.getString("name");
                  String email = c.getString("email");
                  String address = c.getString("address");
                  String gender = c.getString("gender");

                  // Phone node is JSON Object
                  JSONObject phone = c.getJSONObject("phone");
                  String mobile = phone.getString("mobile");
                  String home = phone.getString("home");
                  String office = phone.getString("office");

                  // tmp hash map for single contact
                  HashMap<String, String> contact = new HashMap<>();

                  // adding each child node to HashMap key => value
                  contact.put("id", id);
                  contact.put("name", name);
                  contact.put("email", email);
                  contact.put("mobile", mobile);
               
                  // adding contact to contact list
                  contactList.add(contact);
               }
            } catch (final JSONException e) {
               Log.e(TAG, "Json parsing error: " + e.getMessage());
               runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
                  @Override
                  public void run() {
                     Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),
                     "Json parsing error: " + e.getMessage(),
                        Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                  }
               });

            }
   
         } else {
            Log.e(TAG, "Couldn't get json from server.");
            runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
               @Override
               public void run() {
                  Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), 
                     "Couldn't get json from server. Check LogCat for possible errors!", 
                     Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
               }
            });
         }
      
         return null;
      }

      @Override
      protected void onPostExecute(Void result) {
         super.onPostExecute(result);
         ListAdapter adapter = new SimpleAdapter(MainActivity.this, contactList,
            R.layout.list_item, new String[]{ "email","mobile"}, 
               new int[]{R.id.email, R.id.mobile});
         lv.setAdapter(adapter);
      }
   }
}

Content -> HttpHandler.java.

package com.example.anrodevelopment.myapplication;

import android.util.Log;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.ProtocolException;
import java.net.URL;

public class HttpHandler {

   private static final String TAG = HttpHandler.class.getSimpleName();

   public HttpHandler() {
   }

   public String makeServiceCall(String reqUrl) {
      String response = null;
      try {
         URL url = new URL(reqUrl);
         HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
         conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
         // read the response
         InputStream in = new BufferedInputStream(conn.getInputStream());
         response = convertStreamToString(in);
      } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
         Log.e(TAG, "MalformedURLException: " + e.getMessage());
      } catch (ProtocolException e) {
         Log.e(TAG, "ProtocolException: " + e.getMessage());
      } catch (IOException e) {
         Log.e(TAG, "IOException: " + e.getMessage());
      } catch (Exception e) {
         Log.e(TAG, "Exception: " + e.getMessage());
      }
      return response;
   }

   private String convertStreamToString(InputStream is) {
      BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(is));
      StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

      String line;
      try {
         while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
            sb.append(line).append('\n');
         }
      } catch (IOException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      } finally {
         try {
            is.close();
         } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
         }
      }
        
      return sb.toString();
   }
}

Content ->  res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.example.androdevelopment.myapplication.MainActivity">

   <ListView
      android:id="@+id/list"
      android:layout_width="fill_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
</RelativeLayout>

Content -> res/layout/list_item.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   android:layout_width="fill_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:orientation="vertical"
   android:padding="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin">
   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/email"
      android:layout_width="fill_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:paddingBottom="2dip"
      android:textColor="@color/colorAccent" />

   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/mobile"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:textColor="#5d5d5d"
      android:textStyle="bold" />
</LinearLayout>

Content -> AndroidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.anrdodevelopment.myapplication">

   <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:supportsRtl="true"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
         <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
               <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
               <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>
</manifest>

 

 

Let’s make an effort to run our android json parser app we just customized. I assume you’d created your AVD while doing android environment set up. To perform the app from Android studio room, open up one of your project’s activity data files and click Run Eclipse Run Icon from the toolbar. Android os studio room installs the software on your AVD and starts off it and when everything is okay with your installation and application, it shall screen pursuing Emulator windowpane

android json parser

Above Example displaying the info from string json,The info has contained company details as well as salary information